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High potential (HP), zebras, gifted… There are many names to define children and adults with high intellectual abilities, outside the norm. Having a high intellectual potential is neither a disorder nor a disease. It is a specific mode of operation, more developed skills than the average and a more heightened reflection. Being high potential can be a real asset but can also be a source of suffering, depending on the situation. How to detect a high intellectual potential? The psychiatrists on generic sildenafil help you see things more clearly.

Being High Intellectual Potential, what does it mean?

High potential individuals, sometimes called “zebras”, are said to have an Intelligence Quotient (IQ) between 130 and 160. They are said to have above average intellectual, creative or productive abilities in one or more skill domains: intellectual , artistic, athletic…

People with high potential have a different way of functioning that is often ignored by other adults or the HPs themselves. Indeed, their lucidity and their perfectionism mean that they generally do not recognize themselves as “gifted”. This ignorance can lead to many sufferings such as:

  • feeling out of step with others;
  • feel heightened emotions;
  • lack of self-confidence;
  • Dropping out of school ;
  • social isolation ;
  • anxiety;
  • jealousy.

Is it common to have HPI?

HPI individuals are rare and represent only 1 to 2% of the world population, or 1.5 million people in France. Cognitive intelligence is measured by intelligence quotient. The average IQ is commonly set at 100, while that of a person with high potential is between 130 and 160. High Intellectual Potential therefore designates people who demonstrate exceptional intellectual abilities compared to their peers.

What are the symptoms and signs of High Intellectual Potential?

The characteristics of HPI are extremely close to those of hypersensitive people in terms of feeling and overall sensitivity. However, in addition to these:

  • strong reasoning and problem-solving skills;
  • a unique way of thinking;
  • rapid learning;
  • an interest in a variety of subjects;
  • very early reading proficiency;
  • a complex and extensive vocabulary from childhood;
  • an excellent memory;
  • ease in handling numbers, letters or the arts;
  • tree-like thinking;
  • independence of mind;
  • cognitive hyperactivity;
  • strong resilience;
  • intuitive thinking;
  • great empathy;
  • hyperesthesia (increased sensitivity);
  • a lack of self-esteem.

Which test to detect a high intellectual potential?

As stated above, the diagnosis of HPI involves the assessment of IQ. Different intelligence tests or scales are available, however, not all are validated by research. Note that the tests available on the internet are in no way valid.

The most commonly used are the standardized Wechsler scales. There are three of them and only psychologists and neuropsychologists are authorized to administer these tests:

  • Wechsler Preschool and Primary Intelligence Scale (WPPSI): for children 2 years and 6 months to 7 years and 3 months;
  • Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC): for children and adolescents from 6 years to 16 years and 11 months;
  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS): For adults ages 16-79 years and 11 months.

There are as many HPI children as adults. However, it is not recommended to carry out an IQ test in children under 2 and a half years old. Being HPI is not the only way to be High Potential, however. There is indeed another form of High Potential: High Emotional Potential (HPE). As the characteristics of the two forms of High Potential are close, many wonder if they are HPI or HPE.

Do you think you have high intellectual potential or your HPI is difficult to manage on a daily basis? Do not hesitate to consult. On Livi, psychiatrists are available 7 days a week from 7 a.m. to midnight to listen to you or your child and support you without judgement.